corcovado monkey

Wildlife in Costa Rica – See All the Most Exotic Animals

Wildlife in Costa Rica is one of the countries biggest tourism draws. From sloths, to blue morpho butterflies, to sea turtles, to jaguars; there is such an abundance and diversity of animals here!

I struggled in writing this article. I wanted to write about all the wildlife you might want to see in Costa Rica and all the places you can see animals.  But in all honesty, there are just too many animals to go through and every place in the country can become an exotic wildlife destination at any moment.

So, instead I decided to write more generally about the best places to see wildlife in Costa Rica and I also created a fun little wildlife scavenger hunt. 

Great Places to See Wildlife

monkeys in cahuita national park

As I mentioned above, it is possible to see wildlife everywhere in the country. However, some places are a bit more filled with an abundance of wildlife than others.

National Parks

cahuita national park

It’s probably somewhat of a given that national parks are a good place to see wildlife. We have three top national park choices in Costa Rica for wildlife.

Manuel Antonio National Park

Manuel Antonio National Park is the most popular national park in Costa Rica. An abundance of wildlife lives here, the paths are paved and well maintained, and there are beautiful beaches that visitors can enjoy as well.

In other words, it can be much more crowded here than other national parks, but for good reason.

You will definitely see monkeys while walking through Manuel Antonio, but if you would like to get a closer look at all the other wildlife hanging around here, it is often best to hire a guide.

We have a full post about Manuel Antonio National Park that will give you more info. 

Corcovado National Park

Corcovado National Park is located on the Osa Peninsula near the Panama border on the Pacific coast. This park is home to 3% of the world’s biodiversity. It is the one national park in Costa Rica that you are required to hire a guide in order to explore.

Here you can possibly see wild cats, sloths, monkeys, snakes, and so much more.

We have a full guide to exploring Corcovado National Park for more info.

Also, if you like to read, last year I read this book called The Adventurers Son by Roman Dial. It is a true account written by a man whose son went missing while exploring Corcovado on his own.

I found the author to be somewhat pretentious, but it was still a really interesting read and will make you understand why guides are required when visiting this national park.

Cahuita National Park

Cahuita National park is located on the Caribbean coast of the country near the Panama border. It is a great place to see a wide variety of wildlife including monkeys, sloths, frogs, snakes, and more!

We have a guide to Cahuita National Park for more info.

Wildlife Refuges

curu reserve

There are plenty of wildlife refuges throughout the country. These typically have a similar feel to them as the national parks. At some refuges it is possible to hire a guide or to take a wildlife tour.

Wildlife Tours

manuel antonio national park guide

Throughout the country it is not unusual to find people leading wildlife tours through their own private land. One of our absolute favorite wildlife tours is a night tour in the Monteverde cloud forest that is done by headlamp. 

There are multiple companies that offer these night tours. It is best to ask at your hotel in Monteverde if you would like to set this up. They sometimes partner with companies and can get you a discounted rate. 

Animal Parks

la paz animals
Can you spot the big cat?

Of course it is preferable to see Costa Rica wildlife actually in the wild. However, if are short on time or have small children and want to see tons of animals in one condensed and safe environment, the best way to do that is at an animal park.

Most animal parks in Costa Rica double as rehabilitation centers which will eventually release the animals back into their natural habitat. 

Our favorite animal park La Paz Waterfall Gardens. It is located about an hour away from the San Jose International Airport.

We have a complete guide to visiting La Paz for more information. 

The Wildlife Scavenger Hunt

I’ve been wanting to create this wildlife scavenger hunt for awhile and just had never gotten around to it until now. The idea is that you can print this list out for your Costa Rican travels and see how many animals you can find. It would be a fun activity to do as a family or even as a couple.

If you want to make things a bit more competitive, you can print a list out for every person in your group. The first person to spot each animal while traveling is the only person who is allowed to check it off its list. At the end of your trip, the person who has the most animals checked off becomes the wildlife scavenger hunt winner.

I didn’t put every animal in Costa Rica on the scavenger hunt (because there are just too many) and some things I kept somewhat general (because there are too many varieties), but I think you’ll enjoy it.

The Wildlife List

wildlife manuel antonio

Mammals

Coatimundis

Anteaters

Tapirs

Jaguars

Kinkajous

Peccary

Mammals in Trees

Squirrel Monkey

Spider Monkey

White Faced Capuchin Monkey

Howler Monkey

Sloth (two or three toed)

Bats

Flying Wildlife

Blue Morpho Butterfly

Glasswing Butterfly

Scarlet Macaw

Toucan

Hummingbird (any kind)

Quetzal

Amphibians

Green and Black Poison Dart Frog

Blue Jean Poison Dart Frog

Red Eyed Tree Frog

Glass Frog

Marine Life

Green Sea Turtles

Leatherback Sea Turtles

Dolphins

Whales

Reptiles

Caimans

Geccos

Basilisk Lizards

Green Iguanas

A snake (stay far away from them)

Insects

Leafcutter Ants

Red Wing Grasshopper

Tarantula

Dangerous Animals in Costa Rica

spider monteverde

There are some dangerous animals in Costa Rica. These include poisonous spiders, snakes, scorpions, jaguars, and poisonous frogs.

The chances of one of these animals bothering you is pretty slim. They are usually way more scared of you then you are of them and will run away. 

However, there are some precautions you can take to protect yourself.

  • Always stay on marked trails while hiking. 
  • Always look where you are putting your hands. For example if you need to grab on to a tree for leverage up a hill, check the branch before grabbing it.
  • I love Chacos and Keens for hiking in Costa Rica, but if you will be doing any hiking that is not on well maintained trails, please wear closed toed shoes and long pants if possible.

Even if you do take tons of precautions, obviously bad things can still happen.

Our Dangerous Wildlife Situations

In our four years in Costa Rica we have had a few wildlife situations. Two situations really stand out in my mind. One was funny and one was a bit terrifying.

The first occurred only about two months after we arrived in Costa Rica and were living in San Jose. I finished a load of laundry and as I pulled everything out to hang to dry I found a large tarantula among the clothes. It was very dead after going through a few spin cycles of water.  But, for some reason, I just assumed it was fake. 

Thomas was working in a kindergarten at that time and my mind just couldn’t process that there had been a tarantula in our washing machine. I thought it was some kids toy that he had left in his pocket or something. I quickly realized that my dead friend who was about the size of a lime was very real. 

We never figured out how he got in the washing machine. You don’t often see tarantulas in San Jose.

The other situation was with a scorpion. We had taken a boat back to shore from a remote Airbnb we had been staying at. While on the boat it started raining sideways and I got soaked.

When we got to shore I took my backpack which was filled with all my clothes and went into the car to change into a dry shirt before our few hour long drive home.

At the same time, Thomas was loading up the trunk of the car with our friends. 

When I opened my backpack I saw a quick movement of something running further down into my bag. It was so fast, but I knew it was a scorpion.

I quickly shut the bag, threw it out of the car, and yelled to Thomas that there was a scorpion in it.

Thomas and our friends dumped every item out of the bag and couldn’t find anything. It got to the point that Thomas was stomping on all my clothes to kill anything in them before picking each item up. 

They shook the bag out and still nothing. 

Finally, one of our friends shook the bag so hard that the scorpion released itself from deep inside the bag and fell on the ground.

We were then able to repack everything and start our drive home. But, it was a long five-hour drive as we all worried maybe there were scorpions in other bags.

Luckily, those have been our only questionable wildlife run-ins (that we know of) in all the time we have been here.

How to Spot Wildlife

sloth cahuita

The best way to spot wildlife is with a guide. Most guides walk the same nature area every day and know exactly where the wildlife tends to hang out. 

The other great thing about guides is that the usually carry a telescopic lenses with them. This makes it easy for you to get a close up view on all wildlife that is spotted. 

Usually, you can even take a good photo with your phone through the lens.

If you do not want to hire a guide for your hike, just take it slow, try to listen for any noises in the trees, and look up often. The most common wildlife that you will see is usually monkeys and sloths. 

Our Costa Rica Wildlife Tips

pitt viper in cahuita national park
  • Remember to always keep your distance and keep the noise down around wildlife. For their safety and yours, you don’t want to scare the animals.
  • If you hear crazy loud hooting noises at 5 am, don’t worry, you are not being attacked by baboons. It is just howler monkeys sitting in the trees letting you know it is time to wake up. Yeap, they are the Costa Rican rooster.
  • Definitely pack binoculars with you if you are interested in seeing lots of wildlife species in Costa Rica. It is possible to purchase some very affordable ones on Amazon.

Let us know if you have any questions about seeing wildlife in Costa Rica in the comment section below. We are always happy to help you out.

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About Us

We’re Thomas (the German) and Sarah (the US-er).

We met in Virginia, moved to Germany, and now live in sunny Costa Rica. It was a spontaneous decision to move here, but it was the best decision!

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